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Old 03-20-2003, 05:59 PM   #1
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The Timeline of Compliance

The Iraq Conflict Since 1991
Deutsche Presse-Agentur

CAIRO, 21 March 2003 — Almost 12 years after the last US-led war on Iraq, President Saddam Hussein’s regime was yesterday again under military attack. Since its defeat in 1991, the country has remained a trouble spot for not complying with a series of resolutions by the United Nations. The developments since 1991:

April 3, 1991: The UN Security Council demands the destruction of all chemical and biological weapons by Iraq. With resolution 687, the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) is set up. Their task to control Iraq’s arms arsenal is subsequently massively hindered by Baghdad.

Aug. 26, 1992: The United States, Britain and France impose a no-fly zone, south of the 32nd Parallel, in southern Iraq to protect the Shiite minority in the area. A no-fly zone in Kurdish-dominated northern Iraq, north of the 36th Parallel, has been operational since April 1991.

June 27, 1993: US warships fire 23 Cruise missiles at the Iraqi secret service headquarters in retaliation for an alleged Iraqi plan to assassinate then President George Bush Sr.

October 1994: Saddam Hussein orders Iraqi troops to march toward Kuwait and demands the end of all economic sanctions imposed in 1990 by the UN. The troops are called back amid international pressure.

Nov. 10, 1994: More than three years after its defeat in the Gulf War, Iraq recognizes the current borders of Kuwait.

Nov. 25, 1996: Iraq accepts UN Resolution 986 of April 1995. Under the so-called “oil-for food resolution” Baghdad is allowed to export oil in exchange for food and medicine.

Feb. 23, 1998: In the face of threatened military action after months of hindering UNSCOM’s weapons inspections, Baghdad signs an agreement allowing the search of Saddam Hussein’s presidential palaces.

Oct. 31, 1998: Iraq temporarily calls off its cooperation with UNSCOM, citing the commission contained spies against Iraq. Following the inspectors’ departure from Iraq, the US and Britain launch the four-day bombing campaign “Desert Fox” against Iraqi military targets on Dec. 16.

Dec. 17, 1999: The United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) is set up to resume inspections in Iraq following the failure of UNSCOM.

Sept. 11, 2001: Suspected radical terrorists of the Al-Qaeda network carry out attacks in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania, killing more than 3,000 people. Speculations about a possible link between Al-Qaeda and Iraq arise but remain unconfirmed.

Jan. 29, 2002: US President George W. Bush says Iraq belongs to an “Axis of Evil” together with Iran and North Korea.

Sept. 12, 2002: In an address to the UN, Bush demands the “immediate and unconditional” destruction of all weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and threatens unilateral US military action if Iraq does not comply. The US Congress authorizes such action on Oct. 11. Washington’s plan remains controversial at UN level.

Nov. 8, 2002: After two months of wrangling, the UN Security Council passes Resolution 1441 demanding that Iraq disarm of its weapons of mass destruction or face “serious consequences”.

Nov. 27, 2002: UNMOVIC inspectors and experts of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) begin their searches in Iraq. On time for the UN’s Dec. 7 deadline, Baghdad presents a 12,000-page arms report which is dismissed as insufficient by the US and Britain.

Dec. 24, 2002: US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld deploys the first 25,000 troops to the Gulf region. By mid-March 2003, almost 300,000 US and British forces are in the region.

Jan. 27, 2003: Chief arms inspectors Hans Blix and Mohammed El-Baradei report to the UN that Iraq has not sufficiently complied with the inspections and demand more time for further searches.

On Feb. 5, the US provides the Security Council with intelligence reports about Iraq’s alleged arsenal.

Feb. 24, 2003: The US, Britain and Spain present a draft resolution to the Security Council, which is intended to authorize war against Iraq. The resolution is rejected by France, Russia, China and Germany and later withdrawn.

March 17, 2003: The UN decide to withdraw its inspectors. Bush issues a 48-hour ultimatum asking Saddam Hussein and his sons to leave Iraq. Saddam declines.

March 20, 2003: US-led air attacks against Baghdad begin at about 0330 GMT.

Taken from ARAB NEWS
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