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Old 10-12-2009, 06:54 PM   #1
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Decline Is A Choice

This is an article I came across written by Charles Krauthammer, from the Weekly Standard. It goes in depth as to where America is heading as a superpower.

Here are some excerpts:

The weathervanes of conventional wisdom are registering another round of angst about America in decline. New theories, old slogans: Imperial overstretch. The Asian awakening. The post-American world. Inexorable forces beyond our control bringing the inevitable humbling of the world hegemon.

On the other side of this debate are a few--notably Josef Joffe in a recent essay in Foreign Affairs--who resist the current fashion and insist that America remains the indispensable power. They note that declinist predictions are cyclical, that the rise of China (and perhaps India) are just the current version of the Japan panic of the late 1980s or of the earlier pessimism best captured by Jean-François Revel's How Democracies Perish.

The anti-declinists point out, for example, that the fear of China is overblown. It's based on the implausible assumption of indefinite, uninterrupted growth; ignores accumulating externalities like pollution (which can be ignored when growth starts from a very low baseline, but ends up making growth increasingly, chokingly difficult); and overlooks the unavoidable consequences of the one-child policy, which guarantees that China will get old before it gets rich.

And just as the rise of China is a straight-line projection of current economic trends, American decline is a straight-line projection of the fearful, pessimistic mood of a country war-weary and in the grip of a severe recession.

Among these crosscurrents, my thesis is simple: The question of whether America is in decline cannot be answered yes or no. There is no yes or no. Both answers are wrong, because the assumption that
somehow there exists some predetermined inevitable trajectory, the result of uncontrollable external forces, is wrong. Nothing is inevitable. Nothing is written. For America today, decline is not a condition. Decline is a choice. Two decades into the unipolar world that came about with the fall of the Soviet Union, America is in the position of deciding whether to abdicate or retain its dominance. Decline--or continued ascendancy--is in our hands.

Not that decline is always a choice. Britain's decline after World War II was foretold, as indeed was that of Europe, which had been the dominant global force of the preceding centuries. The civilizational suicide that was the two world wars, and the consequent physical and psychological exhaustion, made continued dominance impossible and decline inevitable.

The corollary to unchosen European collapse was unchosen American ascendancy. We--whom Lincoln once called God's "almost chosen people"--did not save Europe twice in order to emerge from the ashes as the world's co-hegemon. We went in to defend ourselves and save civilization. Our dominance after World War II was not sought. Nor was the even more remarkable dominance after the Soviet collapse. We are the rarest of geopolitical phenomena: the accidental hegemon and, given our history of isolationism and lack of instinctive imperial ambition, the reluctant hegemon--and now, after a near-decade of strenuous post-9/11 exertion, more reluctant than ever.

Which leads to my second proposition: Facing the choice of whether to maintain our dominance or to gradually, deliberately, willingly, and indeed relievedly give it up, we are currently on a course towards the latter. The current liberal ascendancy in the United States--controlling the executive and both houses of Congress, dominating the media and elite culture--has set us on a course for decline. And this is true for both foreign and domestic policies. Indeed, they work synergistically to ensure that outcome.
Indeed, as he made his hajj from Strasbourg to Prague to Ankara to Istanbul to Cairo and finally to the U.N. General Assembly, Obama drew the picture of an America quite exceptional--exceptional in moral culpability and heavy-handedness, exceptional in guilt for its treatment of other nations and peoples. With varying degrees of directness or obliqueness, Obama indicted his own country for arrogance, for dismissiveness and derisiveness (toward Europe), for maltreatment of natives, for torture, for Hiroshima, for Guantánamo, for unilateralism, and for insufficient respect for the Muslim world.

Quite an indictment, the fundamental consequence of which is to effectively undermine any moral claim that America might have to world leadership, as well as the moral confidence that any nation needs to have in order to justify to itself and to others its position of leadership. According to the new dispensation, having forfeited the mandate of heaven--if it ever had one--a newly humbled America now seeks a more modest place among the nations, not above them.

But that leads to the question: How does this new world govern itself? How is the international system to function?

Henry Kissinger once said that the only way to achieve peace is through hegemony or balance of power. Well, hegemony is out. As Obama said in his General Assembly address, "No one nation can or should try to dominate another nation." (The "can" in that declaration is priceless.) And if hegemony is out, so is balance of power: "No balance of power among nations will hold."

Decline Is a Choice

I'm posting this for a discussion on what should be done to America as a world power. Should it continue? Should we apologize for all our wrongs? Could the world survive without America being a superpower?

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Old 10-14-2009, 06:19 PM   #2
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Why should the U.S or all the other countries involved apologize , about WW2, for defeating the powers that wanted to rule the world?

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Old 10-14-2009, 06:29 PM   #3
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Originally Posted by the iron horse View Post
Why should the U.S or all the other countries involved apologize , about WW2, for defeating the powers that wanted to rule the world?
If ever there were a misleading oversimplification...
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Old 10-15-2009, 01:41 AM   #4
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It would be nicer if we'd never gotten involved.
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Old 10-15-2009, 01:11 PM   #5
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Terrible article, but as I have pointed on numerous occasions on the forum, Krauthammer is a terrible man. A fanatic and an enabler of terrorism. A severely twisted individual who advocates for sending other peoples' kids to wage wars thousands of miles away safe in the knowledge that he will never have to do so himself. A dirty rotten neo-con b******d who if he were born Iranian would be singing the Ayatollah's praises every day of the week. If he were borne into Soviet-era Russia , he would have been an editorial writer for Pravda.

Er, yeah. I don't much care for the man, I guess is what I'm trying to say here.
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Old 10-15-2009, 02:17 PM   #6
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Throughout mans history power has always moved westward. First, starting with Samaria and Egypt, then moving westward across the Arab regions, and then across eastern, central, and Western Europe (Britton)…onward across the Atlantic to the American continents, and then finally west across the North American continent.

If power keeps it westward movement, it will start right back where it began in the first place.


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